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Gloucester County, New Jersey

Gloucester County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2000 Census, the population was 254,673. Its county seat is Woodbury.

This county is part of the Delaware Valley area. It is located south of Philadelphia and northwest of Atlantic City.


Gloucester dates back to May 26, 1686, when courts were established separate from those of Burlington. It was officially formed and its boundaries defined as part of West Jersey on May 17, 1694. Portions of Gloucester County were set off on February 7, 1837 to create Atlantic County, and on March 13, 1844 to create Camden County.

Woodbury, founded in 1683 by Henry Wood, is the oldest town in the county. National Park, another town in the county, was the site of the Revolutionary War Battle of Red Bank (now included in a county park) where Fort Mercer once stood. Here can be seen the remains of the British ship Augusta (stored in a shed in the park), which sank during the battle. During the colonial era, Gloucester County's main economic activity was agriculture. In Woodbury (even then the main town) was located the county courthouse, the county jail, a Quaker meeting house (still in existence), and an inn (on the current location of Woodbury Crossings). Because of the county's many creeks leading to the Delaware River and the Atlantic Ocean, smuggling was very common. Today, Gloucester County has a large and diverse population.

The following municipalities are located in Gloucester County. The municipality type is listed in parentheses after the name, except where the type is included as part of the name. Census-designated places and other unincorporated communities are listed under their municipalities.

Clayton (borough)
Deptford Township
Oak Valley
East Greenwich Township
Elk Township
Franklin Township
Glassboro (borough)
Greenwich Township
Harrison Township
Mullica Hill
Logan Township
Center Square
Mantua Township
Monroe Township
Victory Lakes
National Park (borough)
Newfield (borough)
Paulsboro (borough)
Pitman (borough)
South Harrison Township
Swedesboro (borough)
Washington Township
Wenonah (borough)
West Deptford Township
Westville (borough)
Woodbury (city)
Woodbury Heights (borough)
Woolwich Township